More MCQs of this Chapter

Chapter Explanation with Notes

1. Economic development by maintaining the natural resources for present and future use is known as:


(a) sustainable development


(b) planned development


(c) human development Index


(d) development


2. The …………. helps in maintaining the nutritional levels of poor people by proving food at lower cost.


(a) BMI body mass index


(b) PDS public distribution system


(c) GNI gross national income


(d) HDI human development index


3. The average income is also known as ………….


(a) Capital Income


(b) PDS


(c) Per Capita Income


(d) Human development index


4. BMI stands for ………..


(a) Building mass Index


(b) Body Mass Index


(c) Body Man Index


(d) build Man Index


5. Which among the following is not a public facility?


(a) Electricity


(b) Roads and bridges


(c) Private schools


(d) Government hospitals


6. A good way to measure the quality of life in countries across the world is by comparing their………….


(a) Money Power


(b) human development index


(c) gross national income


(d) sustainable development


7. Full form of SED is


(a) sustainable economic development


(b) simple economic development


(c) sound economic development


(d) none of these


8. The Human Development Report (HDR) published by UNDP compares countries based on literacy rate, health status and ……….. .


(a) No. of private school


(b) Per-capita income


(c) Both a and b


(d) None of the above



9. Development criteria include


(a) income


(b) equal treatment


(c) freedom


(d) all of these



10. IMR stands for___________


(a) Infant Mortality Rate


(b) Indian Mortality Ratio


(c) International Mortality Ratio


(d) none of these



11. Development goal for landless agricultural labour is


(a) high prices for crops


(b) more days of work


(c) cheap labour


(d) pollution free environment



12. Meaning of development is different for____________


(a) different people

(b) alien


(c) same people


(d) none of these



13. Among Haryana, Kerala and Bihar, the lowest per capita income state is Bihar. It shows that ____________


(a) Bihar has high standard of living


(b) People are earning less in Kerala


(c) Maharashtra has more number of rich people


(d) On an average, people in Bihar have low income




14. The per-capita income of different countries is counted in which currency?


(a) Rupees


(b) Pounds


(c) US Dollars


(d) Canadian Dollars



15. Dividing the total income of country with its population, we get _____________

I. Per-Capita income

II. National income

III. Average Income

IV. Total Income


(a) Only III


(b) I and III


(c) All of the above


(d) None of these



16. Per capita income of Kerala is higher than that of


(a) Bihar


(b) Punjab


(c) Gujarat


(d) none of these



17. Per capita income of Kerala is higher than that of


(a) Bihar


(b) Punjab


(c) Gujarat


(d) none of these



18. Per capita income hides


(a) disparities


(b) average income


(c) total population


(d) none of these



19. The total number of children attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group is called


(a) net attendance ratio


(b) literacy rate


(c) gross enrolment ratio


(d) level of education



20. Development of a country can generally be determined by its:

(a) per capita income

(b) average literacy level

(c) health status of its people

(d) none of these

21. Different persons could have different as well as conflicting notions of a country’s development. A fair and just path for all should be achieved. Interpret the concept being discussed here.

(a) Social development

(b) Cultural development

(c) National development

(d) Economic development


22. Countries with higher income are _____________ than others with less income.

(a) Less developed

(b) More developed

(c) Less stronger

(d) More organized

23. Total income of the country divided by its total population is known as: ‘

(a) Capital Income 

(b) National Income

(c) Per capita income

(d) GDP

24. Proportion of literate population in the 7 and above age group is called as:

(a) Knowledge rate

(b) Literacy rate

(c) Attendance rate

(d) Excellence Rate


25. Which age group of children is included for calculating Net Attendance Ratio?

(a) 6-10

(b) 7-11

(c) 5-9

(d) 14-15


26. For calculating Body Mass Index (BMI), weight of the person is divided by the:

(a) Square of the weight meters

(b) Square of the height in meters

(c) Square root of the height meters

(d) Square of the sum of height and weight meters


27. If BMI is less than 18.5 then the person would be considered:

(a) over weight

(b) long height

(c) under nourished

(d) short height


28. What proportion of the country is over using their groundwater reserves?

(a) One-Fourth

(b) One-Tenth

(c) One-Third

(d) half


29. Resources which will get exhausted after years of use are:

(a) Renewable resources

(b) Non-durable resources

(c) Non-renewable resources

(d) Competing resources


30. What will be the top priority in the developmental goal of a landless labourer?

(a) Expansion of rural banking

(b) More days of work and better wages

(c) Metal roads for transportation

(d) Establishment of a high school


31. What will be the aspiration of an educated urban unemployed youth?

(a) An educated urban unemployed youth will aspire for better opportunities in agriculture.

(b) Support from government at every step in life for his upward movement.

(c) An urban educated unemployed will aspire for good job opportunities where his education can be made use of.

(d) Better facilities of recreation for his leisure time.


32. Pick out the correct meaning listed below to define ‘average income’.

(a) Average income of the country means the total income of the country.

(b) The average income in a country is the income of only employed people.

(c) The average income is the same as per capita income.

(d) The average income includes the value of property held.


33. Which country can be considered as a developed country in the modern world? Select your answer from the following statements.

(a) Countries which have accumulated huge amount of wealth and always secures the future of their citizens. These countries are considered to be developed.

(b) Countries which are among the highest in the ‘Human Development Index’ are considered to be the developed countries.

(c) Only rich countries are considered to be developed because people have money to buy everything needed for human beings—both material and non-material.

(d) Iran is a rich country and therefore it is a developed country


34. Money cannot buy all the goods and services that we may need to have a good life. A list of things required for a good life is given below. Which among the following are things money cannot buy?

(i)       Full protection from infectious diseases

(ii)     Bike

(iii)   A luxury home

(iv)  A pollution-free atmosphere in every part of the country

(a) (i) and(ii)

(b) (ii) and (iii)

(c) (i), (ii) and (in)

(d) (i) and (iv)


35. HDI stands for ‘Human Development Index’ that focuses on__________ Fill in the blanks with one of the following options:

(a) life expectancy

(b) gross enrolment ratio for three levels of schooling

(c) national income

(d) All the above


36. Kerala has a low infant mortality rate. What could be the reason? Find the correct answer from the following:

(a) Kerala has a low infant mortality rate because all the girls are trained at the primary level schooling to look after a newborn child.

(b) Because most of the girls are nurses in Kerala.

(c) Because Kerala has very high female literacy rate and adequate health facilities are available for both mothers and children.

(d) Kerala’s good climatic condition helps infants to survive


37. What would be the most promising source of energy fifty years from now and why?

(a) Petroleum energy, because it is obtained from fossil fuels.

(b) Solar energy, because it is not exhaustible.

(c) Coal based energy, because it is pollution- free.

(d) Forest product based energy, because India has abundant forests.

38. Life expectancy at Birth means:


a) Average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.

b) Average expected length of life of a person at time of death.

c) Average expected length of a child at time of birth.

d) None of above


39. _____________ is a comprehensive term which includes increase in real per capita income, improvement in living standard of people, reduction in poverty, illiteracy, crime rate, etc

(a) National income

(b) Development

(c) life expectancy

(d) Excellence Rate


40. _____________ indicates the number of years a new born is expected to live.

(a) National income

(b) Development

(c) life expectancy

(d) Excellence Rate


41. The development that should take place without damaging the environment, and development in the present should not compromise with the needs of the future generations is known as ____________

(a) sustainable economic development

(b) simple economic development

(c) sound economic development

(d) none of these

42. _____________ means sustained increase in real per capita income that promotes economic welfare by reducing poverty, unemployment and inequalities in distribution of income.

(a) National income

(b) Development

(c) life expectancy

(d) Excellence Rate


43. Two important aspects of our lives other than income are _____________ and _____________

(a) car and House

(b) Bike and luxury

(c) Bad weather and Bike

(d) Pollution free environment and Respect


44. _____________ ensures availability of essential commodities like wheat, rice, sugar, edible oils and kerosene, etc. to the consumers through a network of outlets or fair price shops.

(a) BMI body mass index

(b) PDS public distribution system

(c) GNI gross national income

(d) HDI human development index


45. The level of efficiency and productivity is low in a _____________ country.

(a) Developing

(b) Developed

(c) Rich

(d) HDI


46. Kerala has ______infant mortality rate

(a) High

(b) low

(c) Rich

(d) Old


47. decent standard of living is a variable of Human __________Index.

(a) Development

(b) National

(c) sustainable

(d) Old


48 What is formula of body mass index?

(a) height in meters square /weight in kg

(b) 100/ weight in kg

(c) weight in kg/height in meters square

(d) weight when you born / current height



49. Which state among the following has lowest literacy rate?

a) Punjab

b) Bihar

c) Kerala

d) Tamil Nadu


50. Which of the following is most likely to be a development goal for landless rural labourers:

(a) Highest support prices

(b) High literacy rate

(c) Raised Wages

(d) Settle the children abroad