More MCQs of this Chapter

Chapter Explanation with Notes

     1. Soil is formed by the process of

(a) Denudation

(b) Gradation

(c) Weathering

(d) Erosion

2.  Land left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year is called

(a) Culturable waste land

(b) Current fallow land

(c) Waste land

(d) None of the above

3. “There is enough for everybody’s need but not for anybody’s greed”. Who said this?

(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru

(b) Atal Bihari Vajpai

(c) M. K. Gandhi

(d) Sunder Lal

4. Resources which are surveyed and their quantity and quality have been determined for utilisation are known as

(a) Potential resources

(b) Stock

(c) Developed resources

(d) Reserves

5. Which one of the following statements is correct as regard to international resources?

(a) Resources which are regulated by international institutions.

(b) Resources which lie beyond the territorial waters.

(c) Resources which are found along the international frontier.

d) Resources which are not yet developed.

6. The first International Earth Summit was held in

(a) Geneva

(b) New York

(c) Japan

(d) Rio de Janeiro

7. The most widespread relief feature of India is

(a) Mountains

(b) Forests

(c) Plains

(d) Plateaus

8.  Resources which are found in a region, but have not been utilised

(a) Renewable

(b) Developed

(c) National

(d) Potential

9.Which one of the following statements is true about the term resources? [CBSE 2011]

(a) Resources are free gifts of nature.

(b) They are the functions of human activities.

(c) All those things which are found in nature.

(d) Things which cannot be used to fulfill our needs.

10. The red soil is red in colour because

(a) it is rich in humus.

(b) it is rich in iron compounds.

 (c) it is derived from volcanic origin.

(d) it is rich in potash.

11. Soil formed by intense leaching is

(a) Alluvial soil

(b) Red soil

(c) Laterite soil

(d) Desert

12. Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore? (Textbook)

(a) Renewable

(b) Biotic

(c) Flow

(d) Non-renewable

13. Under which of the following type of resource can tidal energy be put? (Textbook)

(a) Replenishable

(b) Human-made

(c) Abiotic

(d) Non-renewable

14.Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab? (Textbook)

(a) Intensive cultivation

(b) Deforestation

(c) Over-irrigation

(d) Overgrazing

15.In which one of the following States is terrace cultivation practised? (Textbook)

(a) Punjab

(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh

(c) Haryana

(d) Uttaranchal

16.In which of the following States is black soil found? (Textbook)

(a) Jammu & Kashmir

(b) Gujarat

(c) Rajasthan

(d) Jharkhand

17.What percentage of our land should be under forest according to the National Forest Policy (1952)?

(a) 33

(b) 22.5

 (c) 31

 (d) 30

18.Materials in the environment which have the potential to satisfy human needs but human beings do not have appropriate technology to access them are called:

(a) Potential resource

(b) Stock

(c) Developed resource

(d) Reserves

19.India’s territorial water extends upto a distance of:

(a) 12 km

(b) 12 nautical miles

(c) 19.2 miles

(d) 200 nautical miles

20.Resources that take long geological time for their formation are called:

(a) Renewable resources

(b) Reserve

(c) Community resources

(d) Non-renewable resources

21. Land that is left uncultivated for more than five agricultural years is called:

(a) Pasture land

(b) Culturable waste land

(c) Barren land

(d) Current fallow

22.Area sown more than once in an agricultural year plus net sown area is known as:

(a) Net sown area

(b) Forest cover

(c) Waste land

(d) Gross cropped area

23.The total degraded land in our country is:

(a) 133 million hectares

(b) 130 million sq. km.

(c) 140 million hectares

(d) 130 million hectares

24.In which of the following States mining has caused severe land degradation?

(a) Gujarat

(b) Jharkhand

(c) Kerala

(d) Uttaranchal

25.The main cause of land degradation in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh is:

(a) Mining

(b) Over irrigation

(c) Deforestation

(d) Over grazing

26.Which is the most common soil of Northern India?

(a) Black soil

(b) Laterite soil

(c) Alluvial soil

(d) Red soil

27.Red soil is mostly found in:

(a) Parts of Jammu & Kashmir

(b) Upper Ganga Plains

(c) Eastern and Southern part of Deccan Plateau

(d) None of the above

28.Red soil is reddish in colour due to:

(a) high clay content

(b) presence of kankar nodules in the subsoil

(c) diffusion of iron in igneous and metamorphic rocks

(d) high moisture content

29.Which of the following is not important for soil formation?

(a) Relief

(b) Parent rock

(c) Climate

(d) Duration of day

30.Black soil is also called:

(a) Bangar

(b) Khadar

(c) Regur

(d) Humus

31.Black soils are common in:

(a) Deccan trap region

(b) Kashmir Valley

(c) Ganga Valley

(d) Northern Plains

32.Laterite soil is very useful for growing:

 (a) Rice, wheat and mustard

 (b) Tea, coffee and cashewnut

 (c) Pulses, sugarcane and resin

 (d) None of the above

33.Black soil is deficient in

(a) Calcium carbonate

(b) Magnesium

(c) Potash

(d) Phosphoric contents

34.Which of the following soils has self-aeration capacity?

(a) Alluvial

(b) Red soil

(c) Black soil

(d) Mountain soil

35.Ploughing along the contour lines to decelerate the flow of water down the slopes is called:

(a) Strip cropping

 (b) Sheet erosion

(c) Contour ploughing

(d) Terrace cultivation

36.Which of the following is not a measure for soil conservation?

(a) Strip cropping

(b) Terrace cultivation

(c) Shelter belts

(d) Overdrawing of ground water

37.___________ are the methods of soil conservation in hilly areas

(a) Strip cropping

(b) Shelter belts

(c) Terrace cultivation

(d) Overdrawing of ground water

38.Old alluvial soil is called ___________ .

(a) Khadar

(b) Bhangar

(c) Bhabhar

(d) Terai

39.___________ is a method of growing rows of trees in arid regions.

(a) Terrace cultivation

(b) gullies

(c) Shelter belts

(d) Contour ploughing

40. ___________ soil has high water retaining capacity

(a) Green soil

(b) Red Soil

(c) Black Soil

(d) Yellow soil

41.Land consisting of many gullies and ravines are called ___________ .

(a) Agriculture land

(b) Bad land

(c) Mining land

(d) Cultivates land

42.Landuse pattern of India is ______

(a) Mix

(b) cultivated

(c) Lopsided

(d) Attractive

43.The ___________ Soil is the most widespread soil of India.

(a) Red

(b) Black

(c) Alluvial

(d) Yellow

44.__________ soils are found in Thar Desert.

(a) Yellow

(b) Black

(c) Arid

(d) Cultivated

45.Fossil fuels are examples of ___________ resources.

(a) Recyclable

(b) Potential

(c) Reserve

(d) non-recyclable

46.Protection of soil from erosion is called ______________.

(a) Agriculture Technique

(b) Soil Erosion

(c) soil conservation

(d) soil saving

47. Solar energy is an example of _________   resource.

(a) Reserve

(b) recyclable

(c) renewable

(d) non-recyclable

48. What percentage of land in India consist Plains?

(a) 49

(b) 50

(c) 97

(d) 43

49. Total geographical area of India is ___________

(a) 3.58 million square km

(b) 523 million square km

(c) 3.28 million square km

(d) 1.45 million square km


 50. Which one of the following soils is ideal for growing cotton? [CBSE 2011]

(a)  Regur soil

(b)  Laterite soil

(c)   Desert soil

(d)  Mountainous soil