More MCQs of this Chapter

Chapter Explanation

1. When First war was started?

(a) 1914

(b) 1915

(c) 1916

(d) 1918


2. When Gandhi ji Came India from south africa?

(a) 1914

(b) 1915

(c) 1916

(d) 1918


3. Gandhi ji start satyagraha against _____________ in south Africa?

(a) Apartheid Government

(b) Nelson Mandela

(c) Mike Tyson

(d) Robert Mugabe


4.What is meaning of satyagraha?

(a) Passive resistance

(b) Government

(c) Army rule

(d) Mike Tyson


5. Why did Gandhi organize Satyagraha in 1917 in Kheda district of Gujarat?

(a) To support the plantation workers

(b) To protest against high revenue demand

(c) To support the mill workers to fulfil their demand

(d) To demand loans for the farmers


6. Why was Satyagraha organized in Champaran in 1917*?

(a) To oppose the British laws

(b) To oppose the plantation system

(c) To oppose high land revenue

(d) To protest against the oppression of the mill workers


7. Why was the Simon Commission sent to India?

(a) To look into the Indian constitutional matter and suggest reform

(b) To choose members of Indian Council

(c) To settle disputes between the government and the Congress leaders

(d) To set up a government organization


8. Why was Alluri Sitarama Raju well known?

(a) He led the militant movement of tribal peasants in Andhra Pradesh.

(b) He led a peasant movement in Avadh.

(c) He led a satyagraha movement in Bardoli.

(d) He set up an organisation for the uplifment of the dalits


9. Why did General Dyer open fire on peaceful crowd in Jallianwala Bagh? Mark the most important factor.

(a) To punish the Indians

(b) To take revenge for breaking martial laws

(c) To create a feeling of terror and awe in the mind of Indians

(d) To disperse the crowd


10. What kind of movement was launched by the tribal peasants of Gudem Hills in Andhra Pradesh?

(a) Satyagraha Movement

(b) Militant Guerrilla Movement

(c) Non-Violent Movement

(d) None of the above


11. Who among the following two leaders led the Khilafat Movement?

(a) Shaukat Ali and Muhammad Ali

(b) Gandhiji and Sardar Patel

(c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Abul Kalam Azad

(d) Abul Kalam Azad and Jawaharlal Nehru


12. Why did Gandhiji withdraw the Non-Cooperation Movement? [Delhi 2011]

(a) Gandhiji realised that people were losing interest in the movement.

(b) Gandhiji felt that the movement was turning violent in many places.

(c) Some Congress leaders wanted to participate in elections to Provincial Councils.

(d) Some Congress leaders wanted more radical mass agitations.


13. Who were the ‘Sanatanis’?

(a) Saints

(b) Dalits

(c) Labours

(d) High-caste Hindus


14. The main problem with the Simon Commission was that:

(a) It was an all British commission.

(b) It was formed in Britain.

(c) It was set up in response to the nationalist movement.

(d) It supported the Muslim League.


15. ‘Hind Swaraj ’ was written by:

(a) Abul Kalam Azad

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Sardar Patel

(d) Subhas Chandra Bose


16. Why did the Indians oppose the Rowlatt Act?

(a) It introduced the Salt Law.

(b) It increased taxes on land.

(c) It gave the British the power to arrest and detain a person without a trial.

(d) It put a ban on the Congress party.


17. Due to the effect of the Non-Cooperation movement on the plantation workers in Assam, they:

(a) left the plantations and headed home.

(b) went on strike.

(c) destroyed the plantations.

(d) None of these


18. The resolution of Purna Swaraj was adopted at which session?

(a) Karachi Conference

(b) Haripur Conference

(c) Lahore Conference

(d) Lucknow Conference


19. Which one of the following Viceroys announced a vague offer of dominion status for India in October 1929? [All India 2012]

(a) Lord Mount batten

(b) Lord Dalhousie

(c) Lord Irwin

(d) None of these


20. Which of the following was Mahatma Gandhi’s novel method of fighting against the British?

(a) He used violent method of stone pelting.

(b) He used arson to bum down government offices.

(c) violence

(d) He practised open defiance of law, ; peaceful demonstration, satyagraha and non-violence.


21. What does satyagraha mean? Choose one from the following options.

(a) ‘Satyagraha’ means use of physical force to inflict pain while fighting.

(b) ‘Satyagraha’ does not inflict pain, it is a : non-violent method of fighting against oppression.

(c) ‘Satyagraha’ means violent resistance and is a weapon of the weak.

(d) ‘Satyagraha’ was a racist method of mass agitation.


22. What was the purpose of imposing the Rowlatt Act?

(a) The Rowlatt Act forbade the Indians to : qualify for administrative services.

(b) The Rowlatt Act had denied Indians the right to political participation.

(c) The Rowlatt Act imposed additional taxes on Indians who were already groaning under the burden of taxes.

(d) The Rowlatt Act authorized the government to imprison any person without trial and conviction in a court of law


23. Where did the brutal ‘Jallianwala Massacre’ take place?

(a) Amritsar

(b) Meerut

(c) Lahore

(d) Lucknow


24. Why did General Dyer order to open fire on a peaceful demonstration at Jallianwala Bagh? Choose from the given options.

(a) He wanted to show his power.

(b) Firing was ordered because it was an unruly crowd.

(c) Because his object, as he declared later, was to ‘produce a moral effect’ to create fear in the minds of ‘satyagrahis’.

(d) He ordered to fire because he noticed a sudden unrest in the crowd


25. When ‘Hind Swaraj’ published?

(a) 1913

(b) 1909

(c) 1915

(d) 1857


26. Khilafat Committee was formed in 1919 in the city of

(a) Bombay

(b) Calcutta

(c) Lucknow

(d) Amritsar


27. The Non-cooperation Khilafat Movement began in

(a) January 1921

(b) February 1922

(c) December 1929

(d) April 1919


28. Which of the following was the reason for calling off the Non-cooperation Movement by Gandhiji?

(a) Pressure from the British Government

(b) Second Round Table Conference

(c) Gandhiji’s arrest

(d) Chauri-Chaura incident


29. Baba Ramchandra, a sanyasi, was the leader of which of the following movements?

(a) Khilafat Movement

(b) Militant Guerrilla Movement of Andhra Pradesh

(c) Peasants’ Movement of Awadh

(d) Plantation Workers’ Movement in Assam


30. Who set up the ‘Oudh Kisan Sabha’?

(a) Alluri Sitaram Raju

(b) Jawahar Lal Nehru and Baba Ramchandra

(c) Jawaharlal Nehru and Shaukat Ali

(d) Mahatma Gandhi


31. Under the presidency of Jawahahar Lal Nehru, the Lahore Congress Session of 1929 formalised the demand of

(a) abolition of Salt Tax

(b) ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence

(c) boycott of Simon Commission

(d) separate electorate for the ‘dalits’


32. The ‘Simon Commission’ was boycotted because

(a) there was no British Member in the Commission.

(b) it demanded separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims.

(c) there was no Indian Member in the Commission.

(d) it favoured the Muslims over the Hindus


33. A form of demonstration used in the Non-cooperation Movement in which people block the entrance to a shop, factory or office is

(a) Boycott

(b) Begar

(c) Picketing

(d) Bandh


34. Who formed the ‘Swaraj Party’ within the Congress?

(a) Jawahar Lai Nehru and Motilal Nehru

(b) Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Jawahar Lai Nehru and Subhas Chandra Bose

(d) C.R. Das and Motilal Nehru


35. Who founded the ‘Depressed Classes Association’ in 1930?

(a) Alluri Sitaram Raju

(b) C.R. Das

(c) M.R. Jayakar

(d) Dr B.R. Ambedkar


36. Which party did not boycott the Council elections held in the year 1921?

(a) Swaraj Party

(b) Justice Party

(c) Muslim League

(d) Congress Party


37. What do you mean by the term ‘Begar’?

(a) An Act to prevent plantation workers to leave the tea gardens without permission.

(b) The forced recruitment of soldiers in rural areas during World War I.

(c) Labour that villagers were forced to contribute without any payment.

(d) Refusal to deal and associate with people, or participate in activities as a form of protest.


38. Where did Mahatma Gandhi start his famous ‘Salt March’ on 12th March 1930?

(a) Dandi

(b) Chauri-Chaura

(c) Sabarmati

(d) Surat


39. Which industrialist attacked colonial control over Indian economy and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement?

(a) Dinshaw Petit

(b) Purshottamdas Thakurdas

(c) Dwarkanath Tagore

(d) Seth Hukumchand


40. Who visualised and depicted the image of ‘Bharat Mata’ through a painting?

(a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay

(b) Rabindranath Tagore

(c) Natesa Sastri

(d) Abanindranath Tagore


41. Gandhiji’s march from Sabarmati to Dandi is called the ________.

(a) Non-cooperation movement

(b) Salt March

(c) Rowlatt act

(d) Chauri-Chaura


42. The Depressed Classes Association was formed by ___________ .

(a) Gandhi ji

(b) JL Nehru

(c) B. R. Ambedkar

(d) Nelson Mandela


43. The Muslim League was started by ___________ .

(a) Nawab Salimulla

(b) Gandhi ji

(c) Mohd. Ali

(d) JL Nehru


44. The Statutory Commission that arrived in India in 1928 was led by ___________

(a) Gandhi ji

(b) Sir John Simon

(c) General Dyer

(d) Lord Irwin


45. The Swaraj Party was set up by ___________ and ___________.

(a) JL Nehru , CR Das

(b) Gandhi ji , JL Nehru

(c) Moti Lal Nehru , CR Das

(d) CR Das , Gandhi ji


46. The Indian tricolor was first designed at the time of ___________ .

(a) Indian Rebellion of 1857

(b) Swadeshi movement

(c) First world war

(d) Second world war


47. ___________ president over the Lahore session of Congress in 1929

(a) CR Das

(b) JL Nehru

(c) Moti Lal Nehru

(d) Gandhi ji


48 Who is Patidar?

(a) Poor peasants of UP

(b) Rich Peasants of Gujarat

(c) Rich Peasants of UP

(d) Peasants


49. When Rowlatt Act passed?

(a) 1893

(b) 1920

(c) 1919

(d) 1921


50. Who was Baba Ramchandra?

(a) Sanyasi

(b) President

(c) Officer

(d) Army officer


51. Khilafat Movement was led by the Ali Brothers. (True/False)

52. Baba Ramchandra and JawaharLal Nehru headed Oudh Kisan Sabha. (True/False)

53. The term ‘begar’ means homeless labour. (True/False)

54. Alluri Sitarama Raju could perform miracles. (True/False)

55. The four volume collection of Tamil folktales – “The folklore of Southern India” was published by Natesa Sastri. (True/False)

56. Violation of Salt Tax by Gandhi led to the Civil Disobedience Movement. (True/False)

1. a

2. b

3. a

4. a

5. b

6. b

7. a

8. a

9. c

10. b

11. a

12. b

13. d

14. a

15. b

16. c

17. a

18. c

19. c


21. b

22. d

23. a

24. c

25. b

26. a

27. a

28. d

29. b

30. b

31. b

32. c

33. c

34. d

35. d

36. b

37. c

38. c

39. b

40. d

41. b

42. c

43. a

44. b

45. c

46. b(red,green,yellow)

47. b

48. b

49. c

50. a

51. True

52. True

53. False

54. False

55. True

56. True