Full Chapter in 1 Video

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The rise of nationalism in Europe explain us about the emergence of national feeling in Europe and because of the nationalism many Nation state emerge in Europe in 19th century the feeling of nationalism start through the revolution in France in 1789 first expression of nationalism revolution led to change in politics and constitution of France in 1789 the power was transferred from monarchy  to the body of citizens. At that time France was ruled by the king of Bourbon dynasty and this idea of nationalism spread all over the Europe.
All the people in Europe fight for nation state. Sovereign state of which most of the citizen oo subject are United also by factors which designer Nation such as common language common descendent common history and common culture
Through the idea of nationalism Greece become independent country in 1832 with the Treaty of Constantinople, Germany become In the help of otto Von Bismark and then Italy become a Nation state with the help of chief minister cavour
Some Important definitions

Absolutist – Literally, a government or system of rule that has no restraints on the power exercised. In history, the term refers to a form of monarchical government that was centralised, militarised and repressive

Utopian – A vision of a society that is so ideal that it is unlikely to actually exist

Plebiscite – A direct vote by which all the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal

Suffrage – The right to vote

Conservatism – A political philosophy that stressed the importance of tradition, established institutions and customs, and preferred gradual development to quick change

Feminist – Awareness of women’s rights and interests based on the belief of the social, economic and political equality of the genders

Ideology – System of ideas reflecting a particular social and political vision

Ethnic – Relates to a common racial, tribal, or cultural origin or background that a community identifies with or claims

Allegory – When an abstract idea (for instance, greed, envy, freedom, liberty) is expressed through a person or a thing. An allegorical story has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic

Balkans – The Balkans was a region of geographical and ethnic variation comprising modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro whose inhabitants were broadly known as the Slavs

Romanticism – A cultural movement which sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment. Romantic artists and poets generally criticised the glorification of reason and science and focused instead on emotions, intuition and mystical feelings.

Ideology – System of ideas reflecting a particular social and political vision

Liberalism – The term ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root liber, meaning free. For the new middle classes liberalism stood for freedom for the individual and equality of all before the law. Politically, it emphasised the concept of government by consent. Since the French Revolution, liberalism had stood for the end of autocracy and clerical privileges, a constitution and representative government through parliament. Nineteenth-century liberals also stressed the inviolability of private property.

All the topics cover in Notes

  • Introduction
  • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Aristocracy and the New Middle Class
  • What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for?
  • A New Conservatism after 1815
  • The Revolutionaries
  • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
  • The Romantic Imagination and National Feeling
  • Hunger, Hardship and Popular Revolt
  • 1848: The Revolution of the Liberals
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Germany – Can the Army be the Architect of a Nation?
  • Italy Unified
  • The Strange Case of Britain
  • Visualising the Nation 
  • Nationalism and Imperialism


  • Frederic sorrieu French artist prepared a series of four print democratic and social republics :1848
  • he French Revolution : 1789 AD
  • Civil Code(Napoleonic Code) : 1804
  • The Battle of Waterloo : 1815
  • Zollverein customs Union formation: 1834
  • Bourbon dynasty restored to power after French Revolution :1815
  • Giuseppe Mazzini born in Genoa in 1807
  • Louis Philippe become the leader of constitutional monarchy France : 1830
  • Treaty of Constantinople :1832
  • lord Byron death :1824 (due to fever)
  • kaiser William proclaimed German emperor : 1871 at Versailles
  • Victor Emmanuel 2 was proclaimed as king of United Italy : 1861
  • In England , English Parliament seized power from the monarchy : 1688
  • Act of union :1707
  • Ireland forcely become a part of Britain : 1801
  • When Grimm brother published first collection of tales : 1812 
  • Treaty of Vienna / congress of Vienna : 1815
  • Bourbon dynasty restore : 1815
  • weavers in Silesia lead a Revolt against contractor : 1845
  • The revolution of liberals in France : 1848
  • First world war :1914


Frédéric Sorrieu : French artist

Napoleon Bonaparte : Introduce Civil Code of 1804 – usually known as the Napoleonic Code

Duke Metternich : Austrian Chancellor, Metternich described Giuseppe Mazzini as ‘the most dangerous enemy of our social order’.

Giuseppe Mazzini : Born in Genoa in 1807, he became a member of the secret society of the Carbonari. As a young man of 24, he was sent into exile in 1831 for attempting a revolution in Liguria. He subsequently founded two more underground societies, first, Young Italy in Marseilles, and then, Young Europe in Berne, Mazzini believed that God had intended nations to be the natural units of mankind. So Italy could not continue to be a patchwork of small states and kingdoms.

Lord Byron : The English poet Lord Byron organised funds and later went to fight in the Greek war of independence, where he died of fever in 1824.

Johann Gottfried HerderGerman philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the common people – das volk. It was through folk songs, folk poetry and folk dances that the true spirit of the nation (volksgeist) was popularised.

Karol Kurpinski : celebrated the national struggle of Poland through his operas and music, turning folk dances like the polonaise and mazurka into nationalist symbols.

Louis Philippe : Head of France after July revolution 1830.

Friedrich Wilhelm IV : King of Prussia in 1848

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck  was the architect of this process of unification of Germany carried out with the help of the Prussian army and bureaucracy.

Kaiser William IEmperor of Prussia was also proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in 1871.

Chief Minister Cavour : Camillo di Cavour, who led the movement to unify the regions of Italy was neither a revolutionary nor a democrat.

Giuseppe Garibaldi : Revolutionary, play an important role in unification of Spanish kingdom into Italy.

Victor Emmanuel II : In 1861 Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of united Italy.

Germania : allegory of the German nation.

Marianneallegory of the French nation.

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